Introduction to Nei Gong & Engagement Qualities (w/Russian Translation) MP4 (SD)

I Liq Chuan Neigong DVD

Study with Master Sam FS Chin on your own time with our series of instructional DVDs!
Filmed in high quality, crystal clear video and clear audio, these instructional videos are a great training aid for anyone interested in pursuing the qualities internal martial arts have become known for.
Presented In English With Russian Translation
1) Explaining the philosophy of Chan (Zen) & Tai Chi of how to train the Art of I Liq Chuan
2) Explaining Ten/Ten
a. I Liq Chuan training process
b. Qualities of training process
3) Introduction to I Liq Chuan Nei Gong
4) Explaining the path of 6 energy with Dan Tien and Ming Man
5) Matching software with hardware
a. 3 Dimensions with 2 open & 2 close
b. Relationship of 3 engagement qualities
6) How to match and engage to have an
application point to control and attack
7) Q & A


*this downloadable video title is available in SD (standard definition) only!

Introduction to Nei Gong & Engagement Qualities (w/Russian Translation) – 3 DVDs

I Liq Chuan Neigong DVD

Study with Master Sam FS Chin on your own time with our series of instructional DVDs!
Filmed in high quality, crystal clear video and clear audio, these instructional videos are a great training aid for anyone interested in pursuing the qualities internal martial arts have become known for.
Presented In English With Russian Translation
1) Explaining the philosophy of Chan (Zen) & Tai Chi of how to train the Art of I Liq Chuan
2) Explaining Ten/Ten
a. I Liq Chuan training process
b. Qualities of training process
3) Introduction to I Liq Chuan Nei Gong
4) Explaining the path of 6 energy with Dan Tien and Ming Man
5) Matching software with hardware
a. 3 Dimensions with 2 open & 2 close
b. Relationship of 3 engagement qualities
6) How to match and engage to have an
application point to control and attack
7) Q & A

Finding the Center & Sticky Hands – Advance Workshop (w/Russian Translation) HD MP4

I Liq Chuan® Workshop With Grand Master Sam FS Chin

Study with Master Sam FS Chin on your own time with our series of instructional DVDs! 
Filmed in high quality, crystal clear video and clear audio, these instructional videos are a great training aid for anyone interested in pursuing the qualities internal martial arts have become known for.
Explaining the philosophy, concepts & principles of unifying self
1) To find circle with center, center to center, 
    and center with cross
2) Spiral exercises of completing the 4 quarters of the
    circle with concave & convex in 3 planes
3) Understanding the arc of the circle on point of contact
4) Recognizing the completeness of circle to have 
    complimentary on point of contact
5) Understanding the 3 points on contact and matching
software (movement) to hardware (body)
Explaining the philosophy, concepts and principles of
unifying self with the opponent
1) Explaining the way of learning & relationship of exercises
    a.  5 qualities of movement unification
    b.  4 qualities of contact unification
    c.  4 strategies
    d.  3 engagement qualities
2) Flow, Fend, Roll, and Pivot
Sticky Hands – Upper hand process
1)  Flow
        a.  8 processes of fixed exercises on flow
        b.  Free flow
2)  Fend – Recognizing the limit and fullness energy
3)  Control – compress, control and break
4)  Freeze  – jamming upper and lower mass
5)  Q & A
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Essence Talks Transcripts – GM Sam Chin Annual Intensive (Fishkill, NY)

Essence Talks Transcript GM Sam F.S. Chin Annual Intensive 2017 (Fishkill, NY / Feb. 17-20, 2017) ONE POINT APPROACH Friday morning Essence Talk, Feb. 17, 2017 – Alright now, as you know, the path of I Liq Chuan, the path, the approach I’ve already named it under the Zhong Xin Dao (中 心 道). So […]

Finding the Center & Sticky Hands – Advance Workshop (w/Russian Translation) – 3 DVDs

I Liq Chuan® Workshop With Grand Master Sam FS Chin

Study with Master Sam FS Chin on your own time with our series of instructional DVDs! 

Filmed in high quality, crystal clear video and clear audio, these instructional videos are a great training aid for anyone interested in pursuing the qualities internal martial arts have become known for.

Explaining the philosophy, concepts & principles of unifying self

1) To find circle with center, center to center,
    and center with cross
2) Spiral exercises of completing the 4 quarters of the
    circle with concave & convex in 3 planes
3) Understanding the arc of the circle on point of contact
4) Recognizing the completeness of circle to have
    complimentary on point of contact
5) Understanding the 3 points on contact and matching
software (movement) to hardware (body)

Explaining the philosophy, concepts and principles of
unifying self with the opponent

1) Explaining the way of learning & relationship of exercises
    a.  5 qualities of movement unification
    b.  4 qualities of contact unification
    c.  4 strategies
    d.  3 engagement qualities
2) Flow, Fend, Roll, and Pivot

Sticky Hands – Upper hand process

1)  Flow
        a.  8 processes of fixed exercises on flow
        b.  Free flow
2)  Fend – Recognizing the limit and fullness energy
3)  Control – compress, control and break
4)  Freeze  – jamming upper and lower mass
5)  Q & A

Listening To The Point – Part 2

References, Rotation, and Relationship of Theory to Training

GM Sam F.S. Chin Viewpoint Talks (continued from part 1)
Tempe, Arizona USA
May 2019

Q: How do you meet to the center without pressure being there?

You can just have flowing, light pressure. I’m talking about matching at the point of contact—like we do the flowing exercise; the flowing exercise that you need to fix on to the point to hold onto the point. Adjusting to the point you maintain pressure: that’s changing with the change to maintain not to change. That means you’re always changing. There’s no single moment you’re not changing! You’re changing to adjust, changing to maintain. You can say ‘that’s only the correct movement. Any other movement.

Q: Is that idea more just for beginners?

No—that is very advanced already. Maintaining—you have to increase and decrease (if you can’t match the pressure, that means you are gone).  So, it’s the training: to maintain. Understand? 

So, in the beginning we need a lot of pressure first to be engaged to feel the point, to connect the point and to rotate on the point. The rotation of the point could be frontal rotation, horizontal rotation or sagittal rotation. But that rotation is not that you simply rotate: you rotate to match the NEXT CENTER–the next center of the next joint. Then how many centers can you match–that matching. Then, can you RETURN?

First, in the beginning is to get the bone first (on bone you can go back and forth at first—that’s fine). Then later, go in and get the yin and yang muscles. Without the bone you have no reference. This is the very CORE of the training! Because If you can occupy the centers an opponent cannot move up from those centers, he’ll lose everything. Because then he, in action, he can’t move: in action has to be either yin or yang. But we train to have holding the center to do yin and to do yang. Holding the center as the reference to see what is appropriate.  Right? 

We don’t talk about ‘it’s too much’, or ‘it’s too little.’ If I can talk everything that seems to makes sense but it’s nonsense–oh ‘it’s too much, too little, too fast, too slow, not enough’—what’s that? No reference!

Those kind of words [without reference], do you ever hear me use them? (too fast, too slow, not enough)—no I never use those words. If I say ‘not enough’ I always have a reference to know what’s enough. Without the reference we don’t know what; it makes sense, but you don’t’ know what or why. Understand?  As we’ve been talking, there’s also one thing you need to get across to the students:

What is the point of the theory—many people have a tendency to not be interested in the theory, in the philosophy.

As we discussed yesterday, without the mind seeing it, knowing it from theory, from how to approach what you are looking for—and how to act on it—then, without that leading, you try to do something and you can’t.  You can’t just say ‘don’t talk, train’; let’s do it (body training) without the clear reference of the mind—and what you’re searching for, what you’re pinpointing, then you don’t know how to direct your attention. you’ll keep on being like a blind man touching an elephant: touching this and that—always touching but you don’t know what you’re touching.

With clear theory and concepts, then you know what you’re looking for. Then you have a direction for the mind.

So, it’s very important to give a precise kind of instruction: what are you looking for? Because what you’re looking for with direct mind—into seeing it—then we can have the mind to see directly. Because we aren’t using ‘I’m trying to feel it based on what I’ve felt before’. No, what you’ve felt before, don’t let it come into play; that’s the past. You want to do with the instruction of what you are holding onto to feel that moment. 

The Moment of Training of Feeling Directly

Only in the beginning, a lot of things students do need some kind of experience to do the difference (Ex: what is direct, what’s not direct. The direct always has the two energy directly feedback: if one energy goes out and it doesn’t return, then that’s not direct. 

Like a ball that bounces back—if the energy bounces back, that kind of experience you need to know. It doesn’t mean that past experience isn’t useful, but in the moment of training of feeling the direct, you try to recognize what is happening as it happens in that moment that turns into a moment of experiencing.

The DIRECT—that you can be trained is that: to understand directly. Every point of contact must be direct. And able to maintain over there. Here is where it comes down to be able to have that kind of concentration: it will depend on the level of concentration.

If my concentration is better than yours, I get more information, get more direct information, more clear information, then I can change better than you can change its base on here why do they keep on saying you have to change concentration, train direct? And why do we say it’s always based on Refection.

Direct Information Means You Have to Have 2 Points: One Point to the Other Point, Stretching to Connect while Balancing Pressure

To train reflection is direct—the direct getting information. Direct information means you have to have two points: one point to the other point: you have to extend to that point and return.  But if you ‘reverse’, then the information breaks.

The RETURN information is continuing. That’s why we keep on talking about the action—the movement that goes out can’t reverse. RETURN is the COMPLETE cycle with information that keeps on coming without a break. When there’s reverse there will be a break and there will be a gap.

So in order to have the return, that means you must be able to hold onto one point to CONNECT to another point. How can you do that? By STRETCHING and through PRESSURE. With the pressure—with the movement of rotation to increase the pressure from one point to the another point to come back to hold onto another point and come back. if you can’t have the same pressure, you can’t do it.  It will reach the other point and just disappear and it won’t be back. It’s just like a radio frequency if you go there and come back with a different frequency you can’t receive. You must have the same frequency in order to come back: that means the same pressure, the same wavelength. Understand?

In order to maintain the same, it means it’s a balance point also: that means you keep on changing to maintain not to change. The problem is our attention is so messed up; our concentration is really really messed up—you can’t even hold for a couple of seconds.


I Liq Chuan Neigong DVD I Liq Chuan Knowing The Moment DVD

Stillness & Clarity – Part 3

GM Sam Chin in Ljuljana, Slovenia

GM Sam Chin in Ljuljana, Slovenia

Part 1
Part 2

Q: how do you recognize the way of nature? Practically.

First, you have to hold onto something; have attention to hold onto something. Your mind and your body has to hold onto something. How well can you hold? You cannot pay attention to hold onto the body.

First, hold onto balance first. Everything starts with balance. Can you maintain that? That means you are always adjusting. By right, we are always unstable. We can’t be stable; we are always unstable but we are always adjusting. Adjusting to be stable. Adjusting to be balanced—that means maintaining. That means every moment, every second you are changing to maintaining. From changing here to maintain you are observing the nature of change. It’s very hard to hold on over here, but it’s very hard because you have your experience.

Because here it’s very hard to keep attention, to observe. That means if anything surrounding happens, your mind goes off. The training is: can you see your mind go out? If you see it going out, can you bring it back. This is called recognizing the process of seeing the process of what’s happening happen. If only when you can go deep enough to see that separation and clarity, that’s when the KNOWING comes. Alright? Practically, training is maintaining balance.

It’s the first step. Not for power. For if you can’t maintain not to be disrupted, then if you want to push me off you can’t, because I’m maintaining. If I maintain sitting here, can you sit here? No, you can’t not. If you can’t disturb me, you have no place. You’d have to push me off. If something disrupts me, then it’s easier for you then.

It’s about attention. There is no ultimate move. I don’t care what system you train. The ultimate move is ‘who can change better’. That is, who has more attention. If my attention can link more, you have no chance.

Learn more in our system guide

Because; before you do anything, I already know.

If you don’t know and I know, how can you be faster than me. It’s like your head pops up and I whack [it], up, whack.

So, there’s no ultimate move: who can change better. That’s all. OK? This is the most important thing. I don’t care what art you train—hsing I, ba gua, tai chi, zhong xin dao, karate—what are you using?

Your body. Your body…and it consists of what? Bone, ligaments tendons, muscles, the skin. And then we talk about the 4 alchemies: BODY: the bone ligaments tendon—the solid part: Earth; Water (the fluids); Fire (heat, aging), the Air (the chi you breathe), and movement inside—so the heat because of moving and energy, there’s heat. There’s water and there’s breathing they pressurize [sifu demonstrates by drawing in and condensing] the air, the breath and all these 4 elements’ compressions… then of course if you understand these 4 alchemies…the 4 pressures equalize the body: from the feet to the hands and the hands to the feet: and the pressurizations connect. It’s all about this: Understanding these 4 alchemies and the relationship of the breath. And the body. That’s why actually, this is the [mindfulness of the] body. Then the Feeling—the feeling of understanding you like, you don’t like…and the feel of Such. Then you understand the Mind (what is attention, what is intention—the mind changes….). Then the Awareness: the awareness is the quality of the Mind itself. And then the Nature of things. The Awareness: everything is the same, because it is the quality of the mind. But the problem is that we don’t recognize our awareness.

So, anything you do you can do without recognizing awareness. …You see…sometimes, when we drive home, we don’t know how we drive home: the awareness is just enough to take you home; but now, the training you want to train back to understand awareness itself; it’s the main tool!

You see, now you are using awareness to train this, to train that…yes? You want to understand ‘this’, this, this, this…but you don’t understand ‘this’. But you are using awareness to train ‘this’.

The right way of doing meditations, the right way of doing meditation—this is DYNAMIC meditations….we are training this to look back into awareness. To really understand that is awareness: is the quality of the mind. Once you understand ‘this’, that ‘THIS’ is the tool, then you can use it in everything.

We are using it in the academy, using it for health, for martial or for daily life, in your work, in anything you touch. So, if you understand this, this is called CULTIVATING YOURSELF: you, your mind—if you are training this, you are training cultivation. It’s your mind you are looking into. It’s not that you are disciplining this, that….no, you are only using that to REFLECT back to ‘this’.

Only when you reflect back to ‘this’ only then is that called cultivation. Or else you’re only training something. This building, we have space here, yes?

That’s why in the school we talk about you learn this subject and that subject. Now, in the university, like my professor Nancy here, we have a program in the college we talk about “Learning How to Learn.”

You learn ‘this’, you learn ‘that’. But you must teach how to learn. Then, your approach is more direct.

Stillness & Clarity Part 2

WORKSHOP Transcript Part 2 (read part 1 here)
Sofia, Bulgaria

(18 November 2017 – Saturday morning talk at studio/workshop)

I believe everyone attended yesterday’s talk, right?

So, today we are going into more of the physical through the mental. The important things is the approach, because it’s a  learning process. The learning process is only to recognize and realize, not to think. Thinking—out the door, go.

We say that to watch, observe—that means paying attention. The first thing we need to do is make sure the attention must be there. The process first is Yi (the attention), then the energy (chi), then the power (li): the yi chi li. If attention is not there, you cannot know–how can you know?

Here is a problem a lot of people have. If attention can’t be there, then when you try to act, you fall down into habit—not recognizing. That is why the training is by linking—like joining—by stretching. By stretching from one point to another, this is called unification. We talk about first unify yourself: mentally, physically. Then, there’s unification on movement. Then unification on point of contact. First, there’s hardware unification. Second, is because moving, there’s a coordination of movement. Then, you need to have Point of Contact unification: you have joined.

Understand? Ok.

In action, we talk about 5 Mechanisms of Movement: first, you must be able to have Absorb and Project: this means it’s from one point to another point: what goes up must goes down—must have this connection. So, the connection is from here up and down, then big and small [gestures condense and expand]. Every point must return, it’s a cycle. It’s a cycle, not a reverse. Since it’s a cycle—that means it must have a separation: Left Right, Up Down, Forward Back—so you travel from this side and you come to down this side: go out from yang and come back on yin. Bone, joints is where the ligaments and tendons is. The ligament and tendons have 2 groups of muscles:
yin and yang. That means it’s only 2 lines: yin line and yang line. The quality of the yin line has two energies:

  • Yin ling: Absorbing to dan tien (all yin to dan tien); then also condensing to the bone.
  • Yang line: Expanding out from ming men—that means it’s projecting from ming men going out
    to the fingernail and toenail and coming back from finger tips to the dan tien—must be
    separated by the bone.

That means the Yin cannot interfere with the Yang. The yang can’t interfere with the yin. It goes to the bone and stops [demonstrates bringing left hand up to center line; claps precisely at this halfway point, then other hand goes down]. Goes to here: stops, then the yang takes over. If it goes over, that’s violating. This yin comes together and it wants to go over, but the yang helps support. In training, in Chinese medicine or meridian point we call this Macrocosmic energy flow, the chi flow. The energy that goes to the bone (that has Expand Condense)—this is called Bone Marrow Washing (neigong).

  •  All movement must have these two: Macrocosmic Energy and Bone Marrow Washing.
  • All movement also evolves from one point: the center point (dan tien is a center point; ming-men is a center point).

But the most important point is the feet: the feet with the mass.

GM Sam Chin Neigong DVD
Learn more in our neigong DVD

The mass falls on the dan tien: then on this builds the alignment. With this alignment, it means all action on the point starts with Rotation.

Rotation is what?

The spinning force, the spiral energy—and it creates open close. Open close, we have 3 dimension open close, but then normally we work only on 2- dimension open close at first: vertical line, horizontal line. (See, this is close, but I’m opening but I’m not open yet: until this is neutral. Closing, closing closing, neutral, closed [demonstrates on horizontal and frontal planes].

Because open and close have different energy—because open you can project (you don’t absorb): you project, project, project to close, then you close. Then, I absorb, absorb, absorb to neutral then open. Because it’s the coordination from the further point to the furthest point: the longer the leverage the greater the power.

Ok? So, horizontal is the primary spin because the whole world, the whole universe spins horizontally. And only in horizontal spin do you not leave the ground [demonstrates as he grinds index finger into palm: ‘in horizontal you don’t leave the point’. [Sifu demonstrates contrast: like a wheel hitting ground: how frontal and sagittal both leave the point].

So you need to start with horizontal. [Sifu points to shoulder joint as root and explains: project from the shoulder joint: from our C7] then rotate open close.

See: All movement is from the rotation point. Because when we do movement, we talk about the rotation: how rotation is a circle. The sun and the earth…the earth is revolving but it’s also turning day and night [demonstrates with his 2 fists how both rotates and circles.]

Here is the very primary movement. So from understanding Absorb Project, Condense Expand ming-men—from this you do Open Close, and  that is how you recognize the neutral line. Then, when you do Open Close, you recognize how you do circles: because there are only 2 circles—you do rotation either clockwise or counter-clockwise: no other movement. From this movement here you create Concave Convex—because this [does NSEW as concave convex]: that means there’s yin yang to complete these circles. To complete these circles you must complete the cross: That means you must go through the cross—the vertical line, the horizontal line—and that means you go through 4 quarters, yang/yin. For example, you cannot say this is complete [does it wrong with no connection between shoulder and wrist]. Yes, this is complete if only doing the wrist [waggles only his wrist]. But if doing whole shoulder, you must have this [demonstrates connection from shoulder, elbow, to wrist] This is Section: shoulder (or elbow, or wrist). Everything must have yin yang touch.

  • Absorb Project
  • Condense Expand
  • Open Close
  • Concave Convex

Concave and convex also gives direction—like a fish moves [demonstrates shoulder to elbow moving in relation to each other]: a tail goes like this. [wiggles elbow to wrist moving like a fish’s tail]. You must understand how movement follows this line (shoulder joint). If you don’t follow this, then the Point of Contact is already wrong!

From here you must understand the 3 Planes: horizontal, frontal, sagittal. This is 3 dimensional. This means everything must have a center with 3 dimension: that means it must include 6 direction energy and 3 dimensions.

These are the 5 Mechanisms you must understand. Later on, this is unified self and unifying movement. When you say ‘unifying with opponent’, I’m 1 opponent is 2, but the Point of Contact is the 3: there’s one, two, three points. On Point of Contact, any point of contact, there’s yin yang: a cross (you can also say 3 dimensions). Every point of contact has 3 dimensions. But one dimension starts with 3: yin neutral yang.

The dividing line between yin yang is the neutral line that DEFINES the position; that defines the yin and defines the yang, or you can say it’s defining the OFFENSE and DEFENSE. When you play football, a field has half line: behind half line you are defending; when you cross the half-line you are attacking. But you must be able to know where is the half-line. A half line is also a Point, because a point gives direction, so if you take care of the line, you understand what is offense and defense. That means we approach through the Zhong Xin Dao: through the neutral line, through neutral point: so you can see everything in One point.

You don’t see from yin to see yang, or from yang to see yin… of course if you train yang, you also train yin. But in your viewpoint of training you must approach from the Center. If you don’t approach from the center, you cannot link the two: you will be seeing one side to THINK of the other side because you can’t “see”—you can only guess. So, you won’t have a COMPLETE view. Can do only from approaching from the separations and the unification—this separates the two and binds the two. So in movement of course if you can’t separate you’re also in trouble. If you can’t join, you’re also in trouble.

If people attack me too much, I separate, then they can’t connect…but normally in our training, we maintain connect first, maintain connect first to understand what is one point of defense. One point of defense under 3 dimensions—in Tai Chi they talk about Peng energy, the defense one.

This is not action—it’s the energy, the energy of Peng, the energy of fullness. This fullness is 3 dimensional…behind ALL movement. Right? It’s behind all the movement because the 3 dimensional energy behind all the movement is neutral. That neutral helps you to change. That neutral helps to give you readiness and alertness. So, because this fullness energy, or we call it oneness energy, has the Peng energy. In ALL movement. That means, how can you understand this Fullness energy on point? This Peng energy on point? As a neutral, it means what? That it has a center point, a highest point. Highest point is a mountain. Or you can say the furthest point. The furthest point is like a ball: any point you touch is the furthest point to the center because it’s a diameter line. That has the quality of that. The thing is that we are straight, not a ball. So where is the reference that you say so you can create the furthest point?

GM Sam Chin Knowing The Moment DVD
Learn more in our DVD “Knowing The Moment”

That means it’s the CENTER LINE TO THE MASS, the Center line to the Point of Contact—and where the Point of Contact creates a vector force, a triangle energy force…or sometime s we call it Peng energy or the fulcrum point, or triangle energy, or a cone energy. So, on the point here, you have a ball or like two balls that come together, they come together and touch each other, that is the fullness point. Because they have 2 fullness, they touch each other. It also has the 90 degree to touch at the center. So we say attack is 90°; but you must be able to receive 45° on the POC. Attack 90°, receive 45°, is the straight with the curve energy. Every movement is straight and curved; because of this (90° and 45°) it’s the circular energy: circular energy must have 90/45. So we talk about 2 to 1; 1 to 2: Two to one means we have Absorb Project or Condense Expand (2 energies) that form ONE COMPLETE fullness energy. Form this is 2 to form 1 at the Point of Contact. On the Point of Contact, you must at minimum have 2 energies out: 1 to the bone structure (skeleton) and the other to the Mass (your alignment). Skeleton and mass are two different things but they are related. Skeleton is the back bone; if you don’t have skeleton, no movement; but skeleton is not the balance beam line, it’s not the alignment. Alignment is from the mass and the gravity. The mass is the flesh and tissue including the bone. Including the bone that has a center of mass. 

The center of Mass weighs on the center of gravity and forms alignment—but you need the bone to coordinate with. Once you capture the mass you control the object.

But, on the point, if you can also get 6 direction energy, you can know…how to create the point to create 6 directions…if you can do that, that means you are neutral. When you are neutral that means you can change. With that neutral energy you must include readiness, alertness. We can use Yin point of contact.

Project is from the Yang to the yin; you don’t project from yin. Always in this direction. Because we are following the nature of the body. The nature of the body is that Yin is drawing all the time. If you start to reverse, the energy goes wrong: you lose the cycle, you lose the balance. That doesn’t mean that Yang can’t expand, for Yang can expand. That’s why we say first it’s the hardware then the software. Because the Yin has Yin Yang; the Yang has yin yang. [Demonstrates how the two must maintain both energies: there’s yin energy drawing…to the maximum draw—if you go more than this you lose the yin quality and violate the yang energy].

The yin energy must be always there because it’s the yin energy. You can’t go against the yin nature; you can’t violate the yin or violate the yang. But yin can do the action of yang a little bit…understand? The rule is that FOLLOW THE NATURE. OBEY NATURE.


In the truth of nature there is no freedom. You can’t do what you like. You’ve got to base on the nature itself, yes, that’s why we call it The Way. The way is not that you like it (understand it). It’s not that I like it—so that’s my way; no, that is your habit. That is your feeling, a past feeling (I like this, I don’t like this). That is not the true way—that is the Ego. Alright? The nature of things has its characteristics you have to follow. We are part of nature. If we don’t follow, we go against.

If you go against, and you do it more, you are the one who suffers. That’s why the way things are in the Tao is understanding the way things are. It has its rule. All the time we follow the law of nature—it’s different from following the human law. In sport, in competition, this is human law—it’s not law of nature. That’s why a lot of other martial arts don’t want to spend time in tournaments. Yes, you can train—in lower levels you can go and train, but higher level…no. Any things that human make laws you have to remember; once you ‘remember’ then it’s not the law of nature any more. Because you have to remember, that means you’re already cut off; in the law of nature there’s no remembering, it’s CONNECTING. You cannot remember. The Law of nature is CONNECTING THERE—it’s based on yin yang: based on adaptability. You cannot go, “oh, can’t go’ or if you think “I cannot go’ that means you’re thinking…you can’t go above. You aren’t with the law of nature. That means you fall on the ‘knowledge’—and you can’t go above to the Wisdom level. No chance—you can train 1 million years but still no.

The thing is so straight. In our Zen training in our system training because there’s Knowledge and Wisdom—later knowledge and dumb: because you are crossing over here, but when you’re crossing over here [to a new understanding] hanging over you don’t have enough clarity, or not enough to penetrate (we call it) or to link—not enough. But I can hang over there, not to go back. In every training we call this a process of ‘dumb-dumb’/like stupid: the process of dumb dumb—it’s tranquility, it’s peaceful, it’s balanced.. but not the wisdom….

But you can hang over there and not fall back over there… you look very smart (because you go through thinking: what you like, don’t like). But of course we DO fall back onto knowledge; then, at least we know we are falling back on knowledge. You must know that you are judging; it’s not absolute truth; you are judging. 


The Three Balances

Transcript GM Sam Chin
Flushing, NY Workshop
Saturday 20 October 2018


Today we will emphasize our principles and philosophy, the way of our approach, what the students need to really look into and how to maintain it.

What’s the Feel of the Present Moment as Reference

©2017 Jack Meyers Photography

As we said, there’s only two processes: one is the present, one the past: the training is to recognize if you’re using the past reference, to recognize you’re using the present reference. It’s through the method of holding, maintain. That means we give you a reference to hold: and where to hold and what to hold. From here, this is the training of concentration because you have to maintain and hold; to recognize from here the difference of holding as reference: from here, what can you notice from here? If you can’t hold, can you notice that your attention has been shifting away? If it shifts away, you’re using what reference? When you’re shifting away you’re using the past reference. Now, from here I want the student to be able to differentiate these two reference: past and present.

What ‘s the feel, what are the the things you’re able to know from the present reference and what would be the feel of when you’re with the past reference. In our Zhong Xin Dao path of ILC, if you’re using the past reference, we say that you’ll be using the feel of “you like, you don’t like, you don’t know.” With the present reference, you’ll have the feel of stillness and clarity. But stillness and clarity: what’s the feel of that?



When you’re shifting away you’re using the past reference.
~GM Sam FS Chin

Can You See Your Mind is Engaging the Past?

The past reference feel (you like, don’t like, you don’t know), is easier for you to understand. So, these 3 kinds of feeling from the past are all based on past experience. But the hardest problem is, can you see your mind’s mind engaging the past? We are so used to it we normally don’t recognize it. And because of that feel, we’ve been so used to it, that that’s how I am—that is who I am. What’s wrong with that? So people will say ‘oh, there’s nothing wrong with that, you see?’ But the student doesn’t really understand that this view is the accumulation of past experience that has built who you are, what you think of as your identity, but it’s NOT THE NATURE OF YOURSELF!

On the Importance of First Convincing Yourself

So, first—convince yourself. Do you agree that you are being accumulative—that that sort of seeing is accumulative—what you think you are now, what makes you what you are. If you’re not convinced then you’ll stick with yes, ‘this is who I am. Firs you recognize that this is the experience of accumulating habit. If you don’t agree with that, then it’s hard to change.

Learn more in Knowing The Moment DVD or download

It’s because of here, everyone says ‘this is who I am,’ when we’re using this type of reference; then, this sort of reasoning only comes down to who has a better experience; who has a better past—if you use that reference.

Yes, in Tao and Zen, no doubt you need this past experience to recognize SOME of this process, in order to show you the way. But if you agree with that, then you see this is the process of BUILDING a habit form past experience—this is what people usually address. But, if you come back to the NATURE OF SELF—then you’re understanding the nature itself is THROUGH THE MOMENT.


We are using that moment to know and to change. That moment to know is so short, and so fast—that moment of PRESENT. How can you know with that instant moment when it changes so fast? That’s what seems so impossible to do. We used to say your foresight is so close—that you can’t see further. If I want to see further, then I need my past or experience to see further. If I don’t use the past experience to project further in the future, then how can I see, how I make it longer? Yes?

Then what is the difference of being in the moment that you can see so far, so BI? What kind of method. Being in the moment is so short. That’s why it comes down to the MOMENT OF CONNECTING. THE MOMENT OF STRETCHING. THE MOMENT OF LINKING. The moment of connecting is so you can see big. Otherwise, you’ll just be one little speck, one little dot. In that one little instance, if you can’t connect you won’t be able to see the bigger picture. With that very small moment, it’s very hard for you to make decisions, or for you to act, or for you to act—and know correctly.

Keep on Maintaining to See, Keep on Maintaining to Know

That’s why I keep on saying that knowing is through STRETCHING, it’s through connecting, linking. But that linking is also one moment: like 1 slice of picture…one slice that keeps on maintaining to see. But it keeps on changing to see. That linking, connecting is based on that balance point. That flowing point continuing to maintain the same, because of balance point to maintaining the same to see–only from this can you have the clarity.

The past, present, future—has past experience. And if you want to predict using the past experience, then you can say (ah, they are doing something, I can predict, I can plan, that means I can make a long plan…. But you’re suing a past ref). in order to do the same thing using the PRESENT REFEENCE, it’s by doing it form ONE point that you can stretch, that you can connect form center to center, form one joint to another joint—that you can connect. You can say that’s also past, present future—but in one instance.

It’s so hard to explain here.

Q: is attention ever ‘continuous’? We always have the rising and ceasing. It can be refined, but it is still coming and going… Can be refined… (there may be more frames in a picture, but still ‘cuts gaps]

The base of attention (is awareness—like a space). How attention comes—it pinpoints. Attention: the base of attention never comes and goes. In our reference with our attention (sometimes we make it on this or this), but the base is attention. WITHIN the attention we have jumps (this to this); when it jumps, we call this past, present, future, but when you STRETCH-the past present future are all in ONE: you still it PRESENT. So, your present is a bigger present.

“Your own maintaining doesn’t change, so your opponent cannot change you.”
~GM Sam FS Chin

Like you drive a car…and in front of you there’s so many cars, for instance. but you don’t see based just on the car in front of you…you’re not just looking right ahead: if you can look further ahead…5 cars in front of you making a brake, you’ll see that).

You have a SUDDEN FEELING (ooh, suddenly I have to stop)… but if you can ‘see’/sense/know further, then you don’t have a “sudden” feeling. If you only see instantaneous… if you can see

It’s a FUNCTION OF THE STRETCHING ACTION. The function of stretching—can you hold…if you’ can’t hold, you’ll only see separate/disparate) parts. That stretching is also one instant (so…it is sensing line)
Example: sensing line: sensing can sense 180 degrees instead of only 90: it’s range and scope is vaster—the area is bigger). Same function, same instant.

So, on the point of contact, can we do that? Within our self, can we do that (that stretching)? Yes? In order to do this first, you must be able to hold and maintain from ONE first. If you can’t do this, how can you for the 2nd, or 3rd, 4th, 5th. You have no way. That’s why this called ONE Pointedness first! This is how in meditation, too, the process of meditation works: able to hold one here first. And holding here ONE first! In the process of maintaining, you start to see what comes up to disturb you. When you see what’s come up to disturb you—it’s all your memories, all your past experiences. This is what you call meditation: to increase your attention: to see that clearly. And to see that that has been built up things.

So, in the process of training, we are using the reference of the POINT OF CONNECTING. With the point of connecting as a reference, we need to know to be able to maintain a point that is a center point! A center point is a neutral point. A center point that can change with the moment. That is changing with the moment. With the changing of the moment, that means the point itself is a present point, is a balance point.

*When I say ‘the present point is changing; a balance point is changing.’ That means in order to change you must be balanced: because the balance point is the changing point. So we’re training to look into the Quality. We train the point to see the quality. To maintain the quality.

That’ why we say how we train first how do you train the center? How are you going to train the center point? Yes? You can say I’m training 6 d to get the center point, because the center point needs to have the 6d. to have a center you need 6d—but how do you train this? Then you want to train forward backward, up down, left right in 1 INSTANT: not trying to do each separately. How to train ONENESS.

Now I’m training to explain the FUNCTION of quality. In order to train a center to have six dimension, it’s first about condense Expand has 6 directions: you do it together (simultaneously!) you can’t train separately and have a center: if you separate out or make distinct, but you’re not holding: EXPANDING AND CONDENSING together. That’s why we have the ex of Condense Expanding.

The characteristics of holding the center is through rotations: that means you’re doing the center also—to do CE: FROM ROTATION. That means the actions of movement are up down rotate to have condense and expand. With CE with rotation you must be able to see the direction of forward backward, up and down. Understand here.

Q: so, your entire being becomes the REFERENCE POINT yourself. I’ve had that experience while meditating but not while spinning hands.

A: that means while spinning you have to hold onto the feet—the Center of Gravity because that’s where the center point is established: where the feet/ground is 90 degrees o the mass. That is the firs center point! So, center point with rotation, condense and expand. With CE you have to see the 6d and the 3d. because of THESE references, we form the alignment: everything that goes out must return back to here; to this center point—this center point that forms the alignment. You must hold on here to connect and stretch out!

So, is your attention begin placed over here to hold, or not? Or, are you being unable even this instruction to train—within a few minutes are you doing something else already?

These are the things I want you to work on. Actually it’s so simple [but it’s not easy]. You have to convince yourself first—otherwise you won’t know if your mind is running off: to play and use a different reference. If your mind runs off to use the past reference can you catch it? Doing something else, more free is fine, but are you using this connecting reference or not?

Only by maintaining and hold can you ‘stretch’. If you can’t do this kind of stretching and connecting, so that if your mind shifts off, you must know—and bring it back. Actually, you can say—that’s ALL you need to train.

Q: is what you’ re referring to sometimes referred to as being ‘caught’ in the moment. I was in an ashram and my teacher suddenly said something and I suddenly became aware that I was in the very process of taking a step; I started to count 1,2,3,4,5 –and my foot wasn’t going to the ground. I was suddenly aware of everything in the moment. I do that in meditation, but there’s no reference… but I haven’t had such a level of awareness/clarity while spinning or working with a partner…it hasn’t happened.

©2017 Jack Meyers Photography


Sifu: it’s about being connected and linking… stretching and linking is SEEING. You can see longer. If you’re really in the moment it does seem that things do slow done; it’s not that they slow down but because you see things more clearly, it’s as if things slow down. It’s more of point of connecting and how you see further. You can see, slow down. Like when I touch you, to you guys, it seems so fact, but to me it seems as if you are somewhat ‘slowing’ down: I don’t experience it as “sudden.” If you are in the moment, there’s no such thing as ‘sudden,’ for you see the process: here, here, here. If you’re in the moment, you see the whole process. [returns to the car/accident analogy: if you don’t see the process)

If I come in contact with you, I see the process down to your feet; it doesn’t move at the point of contact; I already see the process up to there! IF, the student doesn’t see that, then he/she experiences it as ‘sudden.’ So that’s why I can do it before…

The strongest energy that reaches to the point of contact, I’ve already knocked it off somewhere else—I’ve already taken it away already! All the training is based on this. That means, connect: how many centers can you connect. The furthest center I can see—I can neutralize before it reaches the very last Point of Contact, because I’ve already connected so many centers. That’s why we train to say on the join we need to condense to have some tension joint-by-joint to feel: can you feel every joint? For joint is also where you have the separation and unification. So you can reel every joint of opponent—and his unification and separation. In order to connect, you need to link it and pressurize it. If you can’t pressurize it, you can’t link it and neutralize.

That means the pressure from Point of Contact through each joint must be the same pressure in order to connect. If you can’t do that, you can’t connect.

Q: do you have to link and the pressurize?

A. Sifu: you have to pressurize to link. To link you have the direction to connect first…but if you have the direction to connect but you can’t hold. So, in order to HOLD you need pressure. So, I can align but not also pressurize it along the way. So you have to be able to COORDINATE aligning and pressurizing.

The problem is…sometimes we align with the curve. So sometimes it’s harder… that means we need to pressurize every separation… by our yin yang muscles. Because our body is made up of bone , ligaments, tensions and yin yang muscles. Sometime you can just align and hit one time but you might be able to maintain. Yes, you can keep on one balancing and aligning—that’s ONE kind of linking.

THEN, you add on the ability to PRESSURIZE it too, to connect. You pressurize to unify it. So, when you can release the pressure, it disconnects; then, pressurize it and connect back. If not aligned, can’t even begin to do this. So, after aligned the pressurizing MAINTAINS. So pressurizing is the process of how to maintain.

**What we are working on first is center-to-center to connect. First c-to-c to ALIGN to connect. Then, once you’ve achieve that, PRESSURIZE it. There’s 2 interconnected processes: the first is aligning. So the exercise looks at aligning and then APPLIED TENSION. The tension you apply is to pressurize it. From these, pressuring and everything with the constant changing—the constant changing requires a balancing. We need to balance it in order to hold. Balance gives us the different directions. This is the training of how to go about maintaining the balance point by producing different directions.

When hand goes in, one energy out. When hand goes up, there’s one energy down. THIS is the balance point to hold you need a point to give a direction.
~GM Sam FS Chin

Q: the process of balancing itself gives the different directions…to maintain the point.

**[The META reference]: USING THE MAINTAINING OF THE POINT as a reference that ALSO has the relationship of HOW YOU GIVE DIFFERENT DIRECTION. [like the fish analog: head and tail…not just flicking hand each way: expanding to DO… the different of one direction energy… to produce the point here: produces the rotation to maintaining the point. To maintain the steady point…we need to have the balancing

When hand goes in, one energy out. When hand goes up, there’s one energy down. THIS is the balance point to hold you need a point to give a direction. Then, later on, it’s about producing a strong point, a pivot point. The fish can have no direction [Sifu elaborates example The direction of fish head/tail… [ex. of the plane landing sideways].

So, any rotation that produces opposite force—that’s why it produces the 6 direction force. Any ROTATION that produces counter force to get the direction moving straight. (if one side is more, then it will move off the course)

That’s why in spinning hand we’re doing the rotation; every rotation produces the counter energy: to hold the point and produce these. Only then can you say the circle of movement is formed. That’s why we say must have a circle with a center; a circle without a center is not really a circle. So, when you’re training you’re LOOKING for this. You’re not procuring circle Sifu you don’t have a center

**So, I want to see students working on this quality. If you’re not working on this quality ten you don’t know what are you doing! That’s why some ex on spinning we call you to grind the point; because grinding the point has a quality of skimming. Grinding has a spiking kind o energy: you need to maintain a point….grinding you need a center to grind. Can’t grind without. [where is it going TO and what are you holding)…otherwise slipping. Grinding need a 90/pt …. Grinding [like old grinding of rice or soy beans: the stones grinding] The grinding produces multiple direction energy. You must have equal energy here to move. Too much energy in one spot and you get stuck: can’t grind.

Q. you have to maintain ‘flat’

Sifu: you have to balance.

In the Oakland workshop I said that the tire is a very good example of the connecting point: the flow, fend, roll, and pivot. The first thing you need to maintain flow is the 90 degree to the center at Point of Contact.

Rolling is the changing of the point at 90. The 90 degree is also a pivot pt. An example of the tire is that the tire is always 90 degree on the ground. This one point is the fending energy (which means that 90 degrees is the maximum point): defending: nothing can go through here. It can’t go through, as if I have a shield here, then it’s fending: defending. When this 90 degree changes into another point, it’s called ROLL.

But Pivoting—that means that moment of the function OF ROLLING, when you’re holding that point, it’s called pivot. If that point skips, the car won’t run. If that point doesn’t change, then it holds, and the car moves. That MOMENT of holing (form one side to another side—before it changes to another pit) is called pivot. Once it changes, it’s called roll. And maintaining that point all the time it’s calls A BALANCE POINT. It’s ALWAYS A NEW POINT, but the 90-“degreeness” doesn’t change! That is called maintaining—it’s called balance point. That function of maintaining is called balance point: that’s called flow, fend, roll and pivot.

GM Sam Chin walks alone at MABA
©2017 Jack Meyers Photography

“If you’re not pressurized by yourself, you’re not aware, so your consciousness is not there. And your consciousness hasn’t yet been established. But, for me, I’ve already established a Point of Contact.”
~GM Sam FS Chin

Q: when the point is pivoting before it’s become another point?

Rolling and pivoting is so fast—the rolling and pivoting at the same time. IN that moment in between the point and the changing of the point it’s called maintaining.

Q it seems when you’re not holding [gravity force is always there, dropping the 90]?

Yes, in training, the action is to hold the tension over there; direct force (gravity dropping down), that’s how you maintain the CURVE.

That’s why in training we train to meet the force directly. The force directly means the force will come from the structure: it will still come from the bone. So, all action will be from the bone. It can’t be somewhere else.

Q: when you’re talking about aligning to pressurize and connect?

If you align you can STACK UP (but ‘pressurize’ means doing it evenly) … energy can still go through, but without pressurizing may NOT BE ENOUGH.

Q: how do you connect with me before I’ve connected with you?

Sifu: if you’re not pressurized by yourself, you’re not aware, so your consciousness is not there. And your consciousness hasn’t yet been established. But, for me, I’ve already established a Point of Contact. [like flat tire: tire has to be pressurized across the whole tire—the structure—if not equal, you’ll slip]. So the person with awareness. The pressurized tire knows everything.

**I Know You BETTER than you know yourself!

The balances are complementary! Tai chi balance is the complementary balance. You’re not balancing 2 of same things. You’re balancing one yin and one yang (not 2 yang) …

Q: is that the definition of why movement is even possible.

If there’s not hot and cold there’s no wind: because there’s not transfer, no complementary, no ‘change’. [It’s all relational]. That’s why if body builder does too much, they’re too stiff!

This is your body. If awareness isn’t there yet, you need to train and work on this!
Object, subject, consciousness. That means there are 3 things in the body or else there’s no Point of Contact. Because if I connect with the opponent, then I have the POC.

From here, hopefully we can come up with a list of the what you need to work on. You can see that all points back to one thing.

Sifu’s Recap of the morning session:

How to teach how teach how to learn how to teach. The direct experiential feel.
this morning I talk about the function, the conditions, how you look at things. The base of macrocosmic orbit. The direct feeling and experiential feel of that moment of how you approach rather than just empty words.

Make sure you understand that Tai Chi balance is complementary – of 2 different things. One backs up the other thing

The 3 Balances

  • The balance of the Body
  • The balance of the Movement
  • The balance of the Point of Contact

Hardware is the body that cannot be changed: the bones; the flow of yin yang
Software is the coordination of movement (how you do open close, expand condense)

Constantly adjusting, constantly maintaining, constantly changing: this is what permanence is: impermanence. Change is constant.
Your own maintaining doesn’t change, so your opponent cannot change you.
You maintain ‘change with the change’ not to change so you can’t change me (because I maintain!)

Learn more with one of our video products below!

Joint locks DVD cover

Finding The Center

GM Sam Chin in Slovenia

By GM Sam Chin & Ashe Higgs

Grandmaster Sam F Chin touches fingertip to fingertip with one of the students in the room. The student moves his hand up and down, side to side, while Grandmaster Chin’s own hand moves through the air in perfect unison, like a reflection on the other side of a mirror.

“You see, no matter how you move, you can’t get away. If I can maintain the circle to center it makes me more sticky because I’m always propelling force 90 degrees direct to the point. Practically you could say I’m meeting your force.”

Catching The Tip of The Spear

Grandmaster Chin’s words hang in the air of his Los Angeles hotel room as we try to digest their meaning. Half a dozen students from around the western United States have gathered here to listen to the Grandmaster speak about some of the philosophy and concepts behind his family’s martial art of I Liq Chuan (mental/physical martial art, 意力拳). The topic being discussed is using awareness to “find the center”, a vital concept in the art he’s spent the better part of the last 20 years traveling the world to share.

This meeting is something that Grandmaster Chin often refers to as “being like a ring in the nose of a bull,” or “catching the tip of a spear.” Comparing the opponent’s force to a spear, he explains, once the tip is under your control, you can neutralize or redirect it away from yourself as you need.

“If you talk about the center, bones have a center, joints have a center, this room has a center. The whole universe has a center. The important thing is what is the useful center to you?”, he continues, warming to his topic. “Within every point of contact [with an opponent] you must find circle to center, center to center and center with cross.”

Circles, Centers and Crosses

Circle to center, center to center and center with cross are technical terms describing three qualities of what Grandmaster Chin calls “engagement”. Learning to observe the point of contact to find these three qualities is practiced in the most fundamental of I Liq Chuan’s partner exercises, spinning hands. Similar to the rou shou (soft hands, 柔手) of Ba Gua Zhang, students repeatedly wind their arms around each other. With the attention on themselves first, the principles of correct alignment and relaxation, learned in the jibengong (fundamental exercises, 基本功) are reinforced under pressure, and then slowly the attention is expanded to include the point of contact with the opponent (partner) to observe the changes of solid and empty.

Looking for gaps at the point of contact, every student learns to engage with the opponent in such a way that they begin to create a spherical force that has the qualities of both offense and defense.

“Before you can strike me, you must first pass this point, but how are you going to pass when I’m always meeting you there?”, laughs the ever-smiling Grandmaster Chin.

The Opponent’s Mass

As the evening progresses, the discussion returns many times to the importance of affecting the opponent’s mass. While being able to manifest circle to center creates stickiness and defense energy, it’s only one side of the triangle of engagement. In order to refine one’s control over an opponent to affect the stability of their stance, you must manifest the quality of center to center. Japanese arts like Judo and Aikido refer to this as kuzushi; or ‘breaking the opponent’s balance’.

Grandmaster Chin continues, “Every object [joints, mass, point of contact, et. al.] has a center, so you link all the centers. Only then you can have the network, so you can control.”

Center to center has the quality of making the opponent feel like a piece of furniture. By creating slightly odd joint angles or “bunching” their soft tissue, you can effectively “lock” an opponent’s structure making it nearly impossible for them to relax without opening themselves to direct attack. This involuntary stiffness leaves the opponent’s balance much easier to control, rendering them much less of a threat.

Don’t Chase The Hands

Grandmaster Chin looks around the room taking us all in. “Of these three; circle to center, center to center, center with cross, which is more important?”

“No doubt”, I say, “you must get circle to center first, but practically speaking, your priority should be on center with cross. Only controlling the hands is circle to center, but what’s the point of controlling [the hands] without the purpose? If the opponent pulls his hands too far away, I run for it (i.e. attack)! Why should I still chase after the circle to center?”

As the old Chinese boxing axiom goes, “Don’t chase the hands, chase the shadow behind the hands.”

As Grandmaster Chin discusses circle with cross, he begins by saying, “If it’s a circle it has a center, if it has a center it has a cross, two axes that divides the circle into four equal arcs.”

He goes on to explain that while this might seem obvious, the redundancy is deliberate. Like the repetition of a mantra, it hammers home a critical concept by bringing it to the direct attention of the student.

Circle with cross can be said to have two main points. The first point is knowing which arc, or quarter, of the circle you’re propelling at any given moment, and second, being aware of which half of the circle you’re on.

He explains to us “In order for all four arcs to share the same center, you must be aware of when you are passing the horizontal or vertical line.”

Because the circular movement, the point of contact, the feet and the centers of mass all share a relationship, if you miss one center, you can miss them all, meaning your application will require more effort at best, or have no effect at all in many cases. This relationship is something Grandmaster Chin refers to as “tallying the crosses.”

The 50-Yard Line

Finally, the Grandmaster explains, the awareness of which half of the circle you’re on. “It’s like playing soccer. If we’re on my half of the 50 yard line, I’m defending and you’re attacking. If I’m on your side of the 50 yard line, you are defending and I am in attacking position. I have the space that I can attack because I pass the half line of your defense. If I haven’t passed your half line, or your diameter line, then there is still something in the way blocking me.”

So we can better understand he has a student hold his hands up, forming a diamond with the thumb and index finger. Placing his finger below the uppermost tip of the diamond, he says, “if you are on the other side, how can I attack you until I pass the highest point? There’s no way. I don’t have the spacing.” The concept is similar to “line of sight”, from the point of contact to the opponents mass.


Martial Art of Awareness book cover
Read more in GM Chin’s book “The Martial Art of Awareness”.

Although most of us have heard him discuss engagement, and finding the center before, the repetition and depth of tonight’s discussion are welcome. For the long term students, the three qualities of engagement; circle to center, center to center and center with cross, are becoming more clear.

Wherever the opponent touches you, you try to meet them there directly, join the centers to control and find the cross to maintain the center and see the full and empty for attack and defense.

Finally Grandmaster Chin closes with an admonition. There’s no other way to recognize these qualities other than through awareness.

“Of course in the beginning it’s so hard. You pay attention to the right hand you forget the left. You pay attention to the left hand you forget the right. You pay attention to the hands you forget the legs. You have to keep reminding yourself to keep paying attention to yourself. You can’t forget yourself to pay attention to observe others. The self in this case is not the ego self, but the simple self, like the breathing. That’s why in all arts they talk [in some way] about yi (awareness, 意), qi (energy, 氣 ), li (power, 力), because attention is to know. Attention is number one.”